Heavy bleeding during periods is a common problem, exactly speaking if you are bleeding more than 80ml then it is heavy bleeding. This condition is also called menorrhagia. Periods generally stop within 2-3 days but in few times it may last longer. Woman may become anaemic due to the continuous bleeding. If you are having heavy bleeding then you may also notice blood clots in the bleeding.
Heavy bleeding during periods is a very common problem in women who are reaching their menopause or girls who have just hit puberty, this is mainly because of the hormonal imbalance in the body. If you are overweight, having any kind of hereditary bleeding or using blood thinners then you will have heavy bleeding more often. Excessive bleeding can affect the daily routine and can lead to weakness and fatigue. There are many causes which can be responsible for heavy bleeding, major causes are listed below.
Causes of Heavy Bleeding
Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases
It refers to infection of one or more organs especially cervix, fallopian tube and uterus. It is generally caused as a result of abortion, child birth or any other related procedures.
As mentioned earlier the most common cause of heavy bleeding is hormonal imbalance due to which the normal menstrual cycle gets disturbed and you may have heavy bleeding even in between periods.
One of the most common cause of heavy bleeding especially in women above 30 is uterine fibroid. It is a noncancerous tumor which mostly appears in the uterus. In most cases uterine fibroid usually shrinks by itself after the menopause and few cases may require proper medical attention.
It is a condition in which the tissue which makes the inner lining of the uterus grows on different organs surrounding the uterus. It appears as a blackish blue nodule on the external lining of the uterus.
Polyps are small growths that begin in the mucosal surface of the cervix or in the internal lining of the uterus. Infections and abnormal response to estrogen levels can lead to polyps.
If your bleeding is continuing for more than 7 days then you should talk to the doctor. If there is no sign of any diseases then most probably it is caused due to hormonal imbalance which can be controlled by taking contraceptive pills. You can also take NSAIDS to reduce the bleeding. In case any disease is diagnosed then doctor may opt for surgical alternatives to remove the uterine lining. One of the most serious cause of heavy bleeding during periods is uterine cancer or endometrial cancer. Treatment should start immediately to reduce the chances of further complications and prevent it from spreading to other organs.
You can also take ibuprofen to reduce flow and and get relief from the cramps. Consume lots of fruits and vegetables and drink water to replace the lost nutrients. Avoid alcohol and caffeine intake if you are regularly having problem of heavy bleeding.