Heart stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in older generation and number of people having stroke is increasing day by day due to the changing lifestyles. So the most important question of the hour is How to prevent a stroke? There are several answers to this questions which are mostly related to changing the lifestyle. Let’s first understand what is a stroke?
Stroke refers to a situation when the brain stops working. It occurs due to two reasons, one is irregular supply of blood and oxygen to the brain and the other is bleeding of blood inside the brain. Former one is the most common cause of stroke almost. The blockage can be caused due to narrowing of artery or blood clots in the blood vessels.
The risk of stroke increases with age however, it is more common in people above 60 years and men are more prone to strokes than women. You are at greater risk if someone in your family had a stroke earlier or if you are a smoker. Several complications like diabetes, heart disease, hypertension and obesity can increase the chances of stroke significantly.
Stroke may cause complete or partial paralysis and can even cause death within few minutes. Here are a few important changes which can be very useful in preventing stroke if implemented properly
How to Prevent a Stroke:
Smoking is one of the major risk factors of stroke. If you are a chain smoker then the risk of stroke is almost double in comparison to nonsmokers. When you stop smoking the risk can reduce to normal within few years and you will have a better life expectancy.
Overweight people are more prone to stroke and may get a stroke at younger age. The cholesterol level of obese people is high which gets deposited in the aorta and may cause narrowing. As a result the normal flow of oxygen and blood to brain may get blocked and person may have a stroke.
Vegetables are a rich source of nutrients and play a vital role in reducing the risk of stroke. Vegetables are a rich source of vitamin B6, B12 and folic acid which are very useful in reducing the homocysteine levels in the blood. High level of homocysteine increases the risk of strokes and other heart diseases.
Reduce High Blood Pressure:
High blood pressure is one of the major causes of stroke and increases the risk of bleeding inside the brain. You must first know your blood pressure and go for regular checkups. If it is high then you should take help of medications. Reduce sodium level in your diet and try to remain calm in every situation.
You must take your medicines regularly if you are at higher risk of stroke. Doctor may prescribe you to take blood thinners to prevent blood clotting. Aspirin is also very effective in preventing strokes. Patients of heart diseases or diabetes should take their medicine regularly and have a healthy lifestyle. Along with this regular check up is very important to check for improvement in the condition of the patient.
You must have got the answer to How To Prevent a Stroke? If you follow the above suggestions properly then you can reduce the risk of stroke effectively. Regular exercise and healthy diet along with proper medications can help you live a better and longer life.