Labral tear hip is a common injury in athletes and dancers. Labrum cartilage is a connective tissue that surrounds the socket of ball and socket joints is found in the shoulder and hip joint. The labrum cartilage is a very smooth tissue that provides increased depth and stability to the hip joint,it also acts as a shock absorber cushioning the impact of the femur on the pelvis during weight bearing.
The labrum is filled with nerve fibers that makes labral tear very painful. Labral tear hip usually occurs in sports like football,basketball and cricket that require sudden twisting movements or stretching of muscles. The injury may also occur during vehicle accidents or heavy landing. Patients also develop the labral tear in hip over time as the tissue begins to deteriorate with age due to over use.
Major causes of labral tear hip
Injury or dislocation of the hip joint may occur due to car accidents or from playing contact sports such as football or basketball.
People born with hip problem or deficiency or calcium can accelerate the injury and cause the tearing of the labrum.
Injury may occur due to sudden twisting or pivoting motions which are common in sports like golf and cricket leads to tearing of the labrum.
Increased friction due to osteoarthritis symptoms inside the hip joint leads to tear in the labral tissue.
Tearing of the labrum is followed by :-
- Pain in the hip and groin
- Stiffness in the joint and limited range of motion
- A clicking or catching sensation in the hip joint
- Inflammation of joint due to trauma.
The tearing of the labrum is immediately followed by radiating pain that is difficult to pin point. The patient feel a pinching sensation when they try to move the hip or the affected joint. Though there is no external swelling, the joint tissue inflates and becomes larger in volume. It is possible to see the injury using CT or MRI arthrogram. Doctors usually use a diagnostic injection to identify the location of the problem.
Minor wear and tear can be treated with appropriate physiotherapy. A trained physical therapist can teach exercises to maximize the range of hip motion and improve physical strength. Even after physiotherapy the patient will not be able to resume their sports and games anytime soon.
For major injury an operation becomes inevitable. The doctor first performs a CT or MRI followed by a diagnostic injection to locate the affected region and perform surgery. Following surgery, the patient will remain on crutches for four to five days. This is purely precautionary to ease the load on the hip and joints.
A Buoyancy Belt and Resistance Bands can be very helpful,as they are useful to perform hip strengthening and recovering exercises.
Not much can be done to prevent labral tear hip as it mostly accidental. Still one should try to main a calcium rich diet and stretch and warm up before exercising and sports.