Pulmonary embolism is a blood clot in the artery which is supplying blood to lungs due to which a part of the lung does not get blood and it may stop working. Pulmonary embolism symptoms generally appear without any prior warning and are quite fatal. 2 out of every 10 person suffering from pulmonary embolism dies within 1 hour after patient shows the first pulmonary embolism symptoms.
Arteries carry oxygenated blood to different parts of the body but in case of pulmonary embolism due to blood clot in the artery, flow of oxygen in the lungs stops. When a clot forms in a large vein mainly present in the leg, referred to as deep venous thrombosis, it travels with the blood and reaches the lungs and if the clot is large enough then the person may die because of lack of oxygen in the blood and unavailability of blood to lungs. It may cause permanent damage to the lung and other organs too can get damaged due to lack of oxygen. It is a genetic disease and the risk increases with increase in age and weight.
Pulmonary Embolism Symptoms:
Patient suffers from severe pain which increases with time. The pain can become unbearable at times when the patient coughs or takes deep breaths.
Due to the blood clotting in the passage of lungs you may observe blood clot. This is a very distinguishable symptom and you must act spontaneously when you notice blood in the cough. Person must get proper medical help within few minutes.
Shortness of Breath:
Difficulty in breathing is one of the first pulmonary embolism symptoms. You will feel intense pain and pressure when you breathe in. Breathing rate of patient may increase and he might have problem of shortness of breath.
Due to difficulty in breathing and lack of oxygen heart has to work harder to supply oxygen to various parts of the body. As a result of this heart beat increases rapidly.
Patient may loose consciousness if the blood clot is severe and it badly affects the oxygen supply to the brain. If the patient faints then it means he is in a critical condition and medical support is needed immediately.
Other pulmonary embolism symptoms include:
- Swelling of leg
- Pain in swollen part of leg
- Low Blood pressure
Pulmonary Embolism Treatment:
Doctors can take help various test to diagnose the disease once they observe the pulmonary embolism symptoms. This includes chest X-ray, CT scan, pulmonary angiogram and perfusion scan. Emergency medical help is very important for the survival of the patient. Blood clot can be prevented from forming by taking anticoagulants which reduces blood’s ability to clot; however, it can’t dissolve already formed clots for that you will have to take urokinase which dissolves the clot. In severe cases surgery is the only option left. You can prevent deep venous thrombosis by remaining active and exercise and avoid remaining still at one position for long time because it may produce clot in the veins.