Every women suffers from cramps during period, most often cramps start before the period. Many women start complaining of cramps a week before period and it becomes severe as she approaches her period. Cramps which occur a couple of days before period is very normal problem and mostly there is no major cause of concern.
Cramps are mainly caused due to contraction of uterine walls and the movement of fallopian tube. When the uterine muscles contract it sheds off the upper lining of the uterine wall which cause bleeding during menstrual cycle. If you are suffering from cramps a week before period then there is a possibility that you are suffering from severe disease or you have infection in the uterus or nearby tissues. Let’s see few major causes of cramps a week before period.
Causes of Cramps A Week Before Period:
Many women who have been suffering from cramps a week before period were found to be having cysts in their ovaries. Cysts can form due to several reasons. One of the major reasons is when the egg leaves the ovaries for getting fertilized it causes a cyst on the surface ovary if the follicle does not break.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS):
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is the most common cause of cramps before period. A person who is having PMS starts showing the symptoms of period like headache, back pain, uneasiness and abdominal cramps a week before the period starts.
Progesterone and Estrogen are the two hormones which control the contraction of uterus, thickness of lining of the uterus and menstrual bleeding. Any imbalance in the levels of these hormones can affect the menstrual cycle and you may start suffering from cramps a week before period.
The endometrial tissues forms the inner lining of the uterus but in a person suffering from endometriosis the tissues grow on the outer wall of the of uterus causing intense pain. Other symptoms of endometriosis are heavy and prolonged bleeding and menstrual blood clots.
Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer in women and it may spread to surrounding tissues with time causing intense pain and heavy bleeding. If you other symptoms like lack of appetite, weight loss, swollen legs and body pain then you should consult your doctor.
Cramps a week before period are mostly normal but you should not ignore it. Talk to your doctor about the possible causes of the cramps and he may prescribe you some medications to reduce pain if tests do not show any disease or infections in the body. You can also get menstrual cramp relief by taking NSIAD like Ibuprofen several days before the cramps to avoid the cramps and birth control pills to balance the hormonal levels. Healthy diet rich in vitamins and regular exercise reduces the pain and you can also practice yoga which is quiet effective in reducing cramps.